Tuesday, December 29, 2009
I've been finding so much use for Accounting, Statistics, and Economics in my games. It allows me to observe much of the world and measure it. I am able convert real world values into game abstractions to discover things only experimentation and role-playing can unveil.
I've been learning accounting lately, and it has opened my eyes to some interesting things my readings of the history regarding land owners and pre-capitalist economics I would like to share. Right now, I'm in a zealous study into economic theory and demographics that had only lately made proficient in grasping "ratios" come to greater forensic clarity.
Patrons in GURPS may be a simple concept of "Boss" for adventurers but it has hidden meanings that few economics that can be very inspiring to the imagination. What is not immediately visible is that Patrons, a person of access to such great resources, has an organization that operates beneath them. An organization of Assets, Resources and People.
When someone owns a ton of stuff there tends to be people involved in organizing it and keeping it all running. Efficiency may be a different standard from today, but the availability and access to certain resources were harder to come by back then.
First, some historical datum to give a sense of scale. Average wealth refers to Middle Class character which in Medieval times is not the same as the modern version when it came to frequency. The middle class was actually a relatively small small group compared to their working-class "freeman" counterparts. GURPS average wealth is the equivalent of Freeman Land owners like in the stories of Don Quixote (the closest literature of that era) who can afford to send their children to University.
The bigger the patron, the more complex the asset organism beneath him. In GURPS a 10cp Patron is 1,000x that of Average wealth. So a Patron of 5,000x wealthier than the wage earning laborer. The 10cp Patron is the richest person in a population of 1M.
For a sense of scale: In 11c Europe there was about 27.3M people in 10Million square kilometers. 1 million is Urban population at 3%, in a place as fertile as france he is the richest guy in 9,700 sq miles. or 25,123 square kilometers (2/3 the size of Brittany).
Equipping Characters. In GURPS the wealth of a character is almost never enough to afford the assets he needs the job. A knight can barely afford his equipment (at wealthy), and Soldiers certainly cannot (at struggling). This is solved pretty much by the understanding that it is a common role for a Patron/Employer to provide capital to his employees.
Patron's Equipment Enhancement. In my historical readings and observing real world equivalents, things are made simple if you consider that an Employer in some way sees his employee as an asset. A "human" asset that needs capital/resources (in the form of training and equipment).
An Employer typically gives an amount of capital to an employee based on the value of the service the employee provides to the employer. An employee that has heavily invested in the training and loyalty of an employee will give as much capital/equipment needed to take care of his investment. An employer that perceives a human asset as low value expects and spends accordingly.
So a Sergeant providing the service of a Man-at-Arms will be equivalent the equivalent of the Man-at-Arms of the current status quo. The same goes for Soldiers and Retainers. A Highly trained/loyal retainer will be have a quality of life high enough that he doesn't get tempted to sell his equipment.
As a rule of thumb: the 100% enhancement of Patron provides as much capital as the character's Annual Cost of Living.
Ex. A soldier (struggling) would have as much as $3600 in assets (he didn't exactly own) from his patron. Working back, if a roman soldier earned 1.5 gold piece a month that would amount to about $1300, then the the land given to supplement their income would be able to produce $2,900. The Patron might be providing as much as $1700 in equipment (for war and farming) and the rest land.
Tuesday, December 22, 2009
Unlike the more visible RPG blogging Community at large, the GURPS community is relatively a quite one having most of the activity occur in the forum.
Personally I wish there were GURPS blogger participation. A universal tool kit system has a ton of useful House rules to draw from, the games visit many different genres, styles and methods, and it is a way to find more GURPS players.
Wednesday, December 16, 2009
But what is crucially being overlooked as HOW people interpret History or Facts is based on other aspects of the character and not inherent in the skill itself. Its just annoying that they come to the same final conclusion even when I've given that answer early on and went out of my way to give concise examples.
You can test my knowledge of history by Q&A and with a definite standard of X facts. Although drawing up conclusions is based on my experience and my other knowledges.
If I have a good judge of people, then that understanding carries on to how I interpret Historical facts about someone's actions. The same way we go to various experts and get different interpretations with the same data.
Ex. A pool of 13th Century data (all sorts from equipment, to papers). An Economic Background can tell you the quality of Life, a Medical Background can give you average health, a Military background can give you Logistics and Organization, an Engineer can tell you how they made their goods, and as you compare and contrast different fields to their conclusions you come up with a whole Other bunch of interpretations of facts.
There are Right and Wrong interpretation, right in as much as there is indirect/direct experimentation and simulation as a way to prove a hypothesis beyond reasonable doubt and wrong as it falls outside what is reasonable.
Stuff unprovable like intentions, motives, and reasons are usually free to be interpreted as you wish. Although behavioral game theory is finding ways to read motives and analyze behavior psychology has a hard time proving.
What does a Flip gotta do to get some attention?
Monday, December 7, 2009
The link is about Lances and Physics, but what is awesome is that time and time again Hal points out a truth hidden in the web of illusion of our games.
The prominence of the scientific principle can be found in the quest for facts and a way to prove certain ideas. It can be a terrible habit that can ruin other people's fun, but it can be kept under control. It is usually Hal, Dan Howard, and Icelander who go all historical authenticity on the boards. There are many others who contribute in such discussions and I always tend to have an eye out when they start bringing a ruckus with, what in the sub culture considers "controversial".
I like the change, it makes the RPG grow and evolve better ways of doing things. GURPS's attempts to model reality gets better every contribution because reality is something verifiable and tangible to work on. GURPS adaptability is what makes it an awesome RPG system. It grows with me and allows me to cross over many of my real world skills.
Gaming is the only thing I am really confident to know with the greatest certainty. not exactly know "what" but how. Specifically how to fix problems on the fly and how to learn from it and move forward. (an important skill in business and entrepreneurship). I guess despite how bad things can get, such a "refuge" is necessary.
Tuesday, December 1, 2009
GM's usually quickly factor in:
- Risk of getting into trouble vs Severity of Penalty,
- Opportunity Cost vs Target's Wealth,
- How wealthy the PC appears,
- and Relationship with the Target (Contacts Advantage).
Step 1: assess the situation
Step 2: A Psychology Role: (see skill description)
"Will this character take a bribe of X?"
Step 3: Merchant, Diplomacy or Streetwise roll to communicate the intent via innuendo.
Step 4: Then a Body Language Roll to see the character's response. Make sure a deal or agreement is struck so that you can use Detect lies roll or Body Language roll to detect sincerity.
Shades of Gray.
Over here in the Philippines bribing police and government bureaucrats is part of the culture. This is caused by the great social inequities and corruption that rob the lower level public servants of their income and the capital to do their work. Unfair circumstances create more unfair circumstances.
Police in the Philippines usually supplement their income with bribes, and its called "Kotong".
The police are pulling people over for frivolous and sometimes imaginary faults they can still charge people with "reckless" driving which is a completely arbitrary infraction. Typically one can bribe them as much as $1 to $10 (that is why it is important to always have change ready when driving) depending on how hard you put up a fight and negotiate.
My brother in law plays "nice" guy and sometimes succeeds in a guilt effect, my other friend gets more harassed cause he looks like the "rich Chinese-Filipino" so he has to really negotiate with innuendo. He is able to get off with $1, and I usually end up having to cough up $2 because I'm struggling to hold my temper. Back when I was a total newb I had to cough up $10.
It is easy to lose your temper when these guys pull you over when you didn't break any law and they throw in "reckless" driving crap. Complications like unfairness and the predatory nature can be a Influence Roll penalty as the PCs can be insulted when they are being violated.
Our police earned $12 a day, so they really have to earn roughly $6 a day to keep their heads at Struggling CoL in GURPS terms.
Contacts is very important when bribing a bureaucrat, as it is a means of communication and one can avoid dangerous "middle men" who can be found government offices offering services to "speed" up papers. Investing on a Contacts allows you to cut through all the middle men and bribe the least amount of people.
Sufficient contacts that take advantage of the status quo, a character can pretty much be very successful even with mediocre competence in countries/places where there is insufficient social and legal equalities.
GM think tank.
- With the Google Search tool, every comment can be annotated with a wiki, link, and image.
- Drawing from Google Maps, and using terrain features and GIMP allows the GM to build worlds more quickly and efficiently. Quite simply the GM can use various locations around the world as references to exotic locales.
- GMs and Players authoring their games into stories will have more flexibility and efficiency editing and clarifying works.
- Having it running while your players are on your wifi saves a whole lot of paper in notes, time explaining stuff, and space in the character sheet and having to transmit Player specific information. (since you can see edits made to the character). Especially since players can use their Droid Phones to send secret messages back and forth to the GM.
- Plan out an adventure with other GMs. If you use a particular formula and anticipate a variety of interesting things to do, take the opportunity to brainstorm with Gwave, or while in session PING a fellow GM for some advice (they can easily catch up to what is happening through the play back feature).
Monday, November 30, 2009
I've read some of the old Ravenloft novels. There is a sharp difference when you compare historical fiction and the non-fiction tragedies to these novels. Particularly different is the market, and the work that goes into making them.
Looking into my old Domains of Dread, it is quite interesting to read up on all the misery injected into it and comparing them to how bad it really was in history.
It is quite sad that there are 2 domain lords based on the Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Drakov, Strahd_von_Zarovich... I know there is one more but I forgot). Then there is drawn from analogs of literature: Frankenstein and Jeckle and Hyde. This, after some time, gets old and I begin to wonder... is there any other sources of tragedy in history these writers could have drawn from?
Villains inspired by really scary sh*t in history and turn them into Ravenloft Analogs:
Justinian I- The Anecdota, Justinian's Plague, the Massacre at the Hippodrome, His personal Inquisition, Tribonian's debauchery etc. etc... As a villain, with an empire descending to glories of the past, draws a poignant picture of melancholy in the middle of swirling chaos.
A Ravenloft Analog of Justinian would already incorporate a huge cast: Belisarius - the Paladin General, Antonina - his promiscious seductress and manipulative wife (who is rumored to have carrried an affair with their adopted son), Emperess Theodora - the master manipulator and spy master and true equal of the Emperor Justinian, Tribonian, Procopious, Narses - The Eunuch General (you can make him a wizard general since he was a bureaucrat turned general).
Qin Shi Huang - a Death Obsessed emperor who is both ruthless, a genius, masterful tactician and manipulator. I don't know much about him, but already the way many historians portray him and his quest for immortality is quite legendary and tragic. The creation of his tomb and his terra cota army should be inspiration enough
Queen Isabella - Imagine Queen Elisabeth ruling a Theocracy and having a powerful fanatic army and legal arm (the Spanish Inquisition). A woman ruling a Man's World, and not just any man's world, the Patriarchal Church and their rabid dogs.
Some added touches: Spain's then oppressive and unchecked Aristocracy (compared to the more egalitarian European equivalents). Throw in conquered peoples from their colonies (which is a different era but adds more flavor). Don't forget the more Archaic and Overly Idealized and Uncompromising honor system. If they had a look, they would be using more "ancestral" and older equipment of exceptional quality but a generation or two out of date.
The Crusader Barons - Godfrey, Bohemond, Raymond, Robert, Bishop Adhemar and the rest of the Crew. You can easily trim down this cast or keep it as but just use each Baron as you see fit. The tragedy of the Crusades and how it contributed to the rest of the world, creating the precedent for Global Holy War, is fairly easy to fit into a riveting and complicated story line.
A Ravenloft Analog of the Crusades doesn't need much "gloom" dressing. It was actually contentious stories of tragedies. Check secular historical sources and comparing it from the historical perspective of both sides.
Ivan the Terrible. Now this guy is tragic. Killing his own son, actually working against the social inequities with a secret police, while being viewed by most as a Tyrant. Stragely, I'm surprised Vlad Dracov was recycling Vlad Tepes instead of Ivan the Terrible.
the Failed Father figure of Ivan the terrible is something I find interesting. What would be cool is incorporating the Story Line of Saul (the Bible) from the TV series Kings into this kind of Story Line. Especially if you can inspire your Players by imagining Ian McShane as Ivan the Terrible and all the other cast in that show as the other characters of the tragedy transported back to a medieval setting.
There are very interesting archetypes in the whole plethora of geeks. Most interesting for me is the... gamer geek and those that evolve beyond their archetype to be something better equip to shape one's own unique identity with realistic functionality needed to achieve in the world.
There are many geeks who are nerds with a pragmatic application of their skills, but really have a really geeky under layer running the "normal" looking GUI.
Instead of complicated Physics, there are the Game Theory geeks who apply strategy formalization techniques to optimize any aspect they are currently tackling- from games they run, to work, to social interaction, and of course trivial pursuits.
Part of the drama is the approach to failure and growth. Not all geeks grow, but the more interesting ones get forged in the fires of trial and failure. There is a growth processes where in success is nothing more than delaying the inevitable of failure. Failures and Murphies can be the light hearted elements of the Stories.
What is another take about such a story is having something as mundane and everyday about being a geek highlighted by the sophisticated pattern of failures and success shot in a way that makes it sentimental and sublime.
Maybe a short 8 episode drama arch, someone growing up to be a powerful mogul from a background of a total failure and nerd. The friends, loyalties, betrayals and the geekery.
Saturday, November 28, 2009
In realistic conditions, Bows are still very advantageous despite their reduced comparative effectiveness to fantasy ranged combat. The opportunity expense of learning to use them (4cp) and acquiring them are still very favorable. Soldiers and freeman warriors would have the skill. It would be cost-effective that every party member get a 2cp on bow, 1cp on fastdraw, and 1cp on weapon bond (if your not following MA's perk limitations) if they have a DX of 12.
Characters can easily purchase a Longbow or if they have a patron to equip them, they can get a Composite Bow. Trained to proficiency a Kinestheticaly able Combatant would have a Bow-13 (Weapon Bond).
In most realistic scenarios where speed is limited to human norms, application of wilderness conditions, and considerations of visibility the “First Strike” advantage of a bow can mean death or survival.
If you consider realistic conditions, any terrain less stable than packed earth of worn roads will have movement penalties (giving time to archers). I would adjudicate Running+DX check if you want to move at full, without tripping. Penalty appropriate to the terrain, starting with +0 (challenging) at dirt pitted roads to -5 to inclined rocky or thickly rooted forest floor. Failure in such would reduce move to half, make it will allow for an arbitrary distance covered at full move (representing great footing). (critical is a trip) (I got the experience in soccer when playing in uncultivated fields; you cant run in grassy when you can't see the pitted areas, you'll easily break an ankle at full speed)
At 1d+1 imp (ST11 for Longbow) or 1d+2 (ST11 for composite bow) allowing for an engagement beginning at a distance as little 20yrs/m away (-6, and the visible engagement distance in fairly dense forest) and opponents are, at most, lightly encumbered. You will have a difficult scenario like below.
1 sec - (knocked arrow) Aim (skill-13+3)
2 sec - Aim (skill-13+3)
3 sec - AoA:D Fire (skill-13+3+1) (assume a the opponent covers 15yrd, -2; effective-14) and Fastdraw weapon (ideally reach-2 weapon).
A worse case scenario is when the opponents are better at ranged combat and have terrain advantage.
A similar effect can be achieved by using Bonded Balanced-Javelins ($200) at a charging opponent. As a GM, I would adjudicate javelins mounted behind shields easy to reach to be a DX check for fast draw).
This would be typical of Byzantine Soldiers (all were required to be proficient in around the Dark Ages, see Strategikon) and Chinese soldiers.
To prevent Imperial Soldiers from getting restless, they were set loose on the country side of “barbarian” territories to keep them busy. They tear up the place, and actually get carried away with their military exercise. They begin demanding tribute, as the exercise's costs go up. In a diffusely populated region that had not seen so many well armed and organized forces, these “barbarians” find themselves being plundered. Aid is called and, several of the Freemen assemble themselves to fight the Soldiers.
Terrain- Far from the empire's borders with few good roads. Diverse Terrain, the reason why growth in the region is slow and the population is diffuse.
6C Roman Soldiers. 110cp (75+35) 5cp left
ST11, DX12, IQ10, HT11
Move 4 (light encumbered); DR4/2 (body), DR4 head
Patron (roman army; minimal intervention, provides equipment, freq-6)*
- Broadsword-12 (broadsword 1d+1 imp/ 1d+2 cut; Parry-11)
- Bow-12 (composite bow, 1d+2 imp, Acc3)
- Fastdraw (arrows)-13
- Spear-12 (Longspear 1d+1 imp, Reach-2, Parry-11U)
- Shield-12 (Small Shield, DB+1; Block-11)
- Knife-12 (Long knife 1d-1imp/1d-1 cut)
- Throwing spear-12 (Javelin 1d imp, Acc3, 11yrd/16yrds)
- Survival (Temperate)-9
- Savoir-Faire (Soldier)-10
- Animal Handling (horses)-9
- Theology (Orthodox Christianity)-8
- Literature (Folk lore)-8
- History (Local)-8
*a patron that provides “equipment” (like an army).
6C Freemen Warriors. 110cp (75+35)
ST11, DX12, IQ10, HT11
Move 4 (light encumbered); DR 3 (Torso), DR 4 (Head)
- Broadsword-12 (broadsword 1d+1 imp/ 1d+2 cut; Parry-11)
- Bow-12 (Composite Bow 1d+2 imp, Acc3)
- Fastdraw (arrows)-13
- Axe/Mace-12 (Axe 1d+3 cut; Parry-11U)
- Spear-12 (Longspear 1d+1 imp; reach-2, Parry-11U)
- Shield-12 (Small Shield, DB+1, Block-11)
- Knife-12 (Long knife 1d-1imp/1d-1 cut)
- Throwing spear-12 (Javelin 1d imp, Acc3, 11yrd/16yrds)
- Hands-free Riding (riding-2)-12
- Survival (Temperate)-9
- Savoir-Faire (warrior)-10
- Animal Handling (horses)-9
- Theology (Pagan)-8
- Literature (Folk lore)-8
- History (Local)-8
- Area Knowledge-10
Friday, November 27, 2009
In Real World Terms, a character knows... (re-eximine the gurps description)
- Theology - because almost every character has a religion. Those who do not have a religion, have a Philosophy. In a setting with agnostics, atheists, anti-theists, and objectionists (Ayn Rand) their motives and beliefs/unbeliefs that shape a character's psyche is typically from theology. In this new global world, we are more aware of the key differences more than ever, and it provides valuable context in the game where you are trying to figure out how the other person is thinking. The key differences when dealing with a Religious Apologist vs a Fundamentalist; A Pragmatist, vs an Objectionist; Deist vs a Theist.
- Literature - It is more ingrained in our language and how we communicate ideas. Growing up with a different set of stories from someone else marks the visibile differences in culture. In the way we speak, and how meme work, metaphors, similes and all those language tools that allow us to communicate concepts too difficult to break down in a few words. In a game, it allows you to determine where someone is from despite their mastery of the language.
- History - who doesn't know a bit of their own culture's history. Like literature, it is an important marker of cultural background but history is also important because of fact finding relevance.
- Savoir-Faire - manners and how to act before their peers, lessers, and betters. this is something that can be communicated with just a glance. Un-equipped a character automatically stands out. Even lower leved folks have their own manners, which makes anyone alien to it stand out.
What is the difference between someone who uses Rationalism and some other methods like Philosophy or Theology? - there is a difference between how each come by their conclusions, in terms of accuracy only one method can be verified (rationalism/empirical method).
Characters who use Philosophy and Theology can manipulate the concepts and ideas to suit their purposes. In an argument, use the appropriate Philosophy or Theology. In a Rationalistic Argument, use Philosophy: Rationalism/Empiricism along with the Empirical Data that the PCs have found/collected.
In very strategic games, where characters are fact finding and trying to generate solutions - Philosophy: rationalism (or its earlier iterations like Pragmatism and Empiricism) gives the Players a TIP from the GM when they cannot make heads of the clue.
Compared to RAW intelligence, Rationalism/Empiricism is a method. It is an assumption that high GURPS intelligent characters are Rational/Empirical in their methodology. Especially since there exists a skill that allows for the training of the methodology.
Comparing a Character who uses rationalism vs a character who isn't, has a telling psychological difference in certainty and how they use their knowledge. A rational character is not that trusting about his own experience and certainty, unless there are ways to verify it outside his own conclusions.
In Gametheory, and in Games, the Way a NPC and PCs behaves is based on the certainty and accuracy of their information.
Not all Philosophies are learned in the Classroom. many great characters and people of history were Pragmatists (an earlier incarnation of Rationalists) who lean on their own understanding and conclusions. They are not easily swaded by hearsay, they tend to have a higher Psychology, Detect Lies skill.
Another use of Philosophy/Theology is understanding key points of difference that lead to conflict. Roll Philo/Theo to see if your gonna have problems with this person in the foreseeable future working together.
Psychology (along with Philosophy) allows a person to deduce another character's Philosophy/Theology based on their actions and credible intentions.
Anyway, having checked it out, I've realized one really fun game I could run online: 1898 Philippine Revolution. I've got my history books, I can fix up the characters, there is a dice roller program out, and we have gmaps running on the wave! Oh yeah, and don't forget playback!
It works visually, organizationally, and allows for a great variety of locus. Of course, I'll certainly miss the theatrics. Although it doesnt necessarily stop there, a laptop face to face RPG game is plausible.
Thursday, November 26, 2009
Inspired by Real World Events: Ampatuan Massacre that is still unresolved as I am writing this.
The funny thing this game is that it isn't a game at the same time it is for those our Politicos here in the Philippines. Its really happening and as we speak, the question is asked how will this change Mindanao. Will it be another blood bath (victims were noncombatants, pregnant women, raped and mutilated) or will it end with a stronger resolution against further violence in the war torn south?
- Anyone who has read up the detail will find out quickly all the relevant dirt as the premise of the game.
- A way of using Game Theory in analyzing in attempting to predict politicis
- An Exercise of unconventional Game Thinking
- No need for Research into Graphic Details, just go on the net.
- Connecting to the Victims and the Circumstance, the ability to understand why this madness happens and what will happen next.
- Not everyone's cup of tea.
- Keeping certain assumptions in check
GURPS 4e, TL1 (reflected in cost of living vs earnings), 150cp Characters, Gritty and Realistic.
Sunday, November 22, 2009
Ran a 19th century Philippines in the style of GRRM's story telling. Gritty, realistic, and highly probable characters that don't exist in a vacuum.
- Distracted, (to much political, historical and trival side comments).
- too many unfamiliarities (system, style, people, engagement, and setting)
- Connection - they connected to the past. To how it was again to be a second class citizen, an outcast, to be satisfied with what little you have...
- Learning - Its easy to learn my system and my formula. Its usefull and they seem to be getting a hang of it. Eventually they'll be using it on me (which I look forward too). The only way I evolve is someone else beating the crap out of me.
- Exciting - Because there is a strong relevance of the topic. identifying a culture that lacks definition, I feel a strong response clicking (or it can be me being reading what I want to see in a situation). Its a big deal in the Philippines to understand our historical identity because the poverty and poor education here are huge obstacles in doing that.
- Getting Relaxed - people were getting relaxed quickly with each others company. it helps when they have the same belief structure and read the same stuff.
I've only met 2 of the 3 players once and in a brief conversation.
Given the severe unfamiliarity, I only got out 3 out of the 9 scenes i expected. I should have foreseen that severe handicap of having to explain a lot of my nuances.
Looking forward, having exams in the next month. maybe the video can be edited (5hours originally). It will be compressed to probably 20 mins of material (60% would be background primer). With a basic multi media presentation.
I really should get a terrabyte HD.
Friday, November 20, 2009
Hi, I usually run Role-Playing Games and have an open invite for those who want to try. In theme of free thinking, i won't run fantasy or supernatural. Anyway, I usually run realistic or simulationist scenarios. The topics I usually like gaming about are taking an emergency or extreme but plausible scenario and have characters, who are either suited or ill suited for the task, go through the scenario given the best of the Player's own ability.Freethinking RPG set in 1865 Philippines
My favored method of conflict resolution favors creativity and applying game theory, although if people want tactical exercises I am very flexible. I'd like to say I specialize in running social scenarios that emphasize in negotiation, diplomacy, empathy and awareness (although the lack of players interested in only such tactics are rare and my practice is limited).
Things usually like running are Calamity scenarios (like civilians in coup d'etat, trapped and survival), events in Philippine history (specializing in 19th Century), detective mysteries, and entrepreneurial adventures (free lancers and opportunity seekers out to make a buck and some mark). I am also open to a other variety of scenarios and games, depending on what the players want and what I have access in terms of research.
I usually run my games short (3-4 hours) and with a small manageable size of players at 4 (which is my limit... any more and I exhaust myself and the quality of the game suffers to a point against my pride). I use GURPS a Generic universal Role-playing Game System, but I don't stress on the system or mechanics. The game system is merely a way to arbitrate abstract quantities of risk. I usually run a rather rules-light Character creation with just a short talk defining the character strengths, limitations, and stance.
If there are other GMs out there who like to use their games as a way to create safe exercises of free thinking I'm also open to being a player.
- A struggling Mestizo Actor
- Tsinoy (Chinese-Filipino) Merchant with shady practices, and a
- Native American Scout Refugee.
Actually the format and the organization Lisa puts down is pretty solid. Mysteries can be an organizational nightmare. It might not be everyone's cup of tea but the organization is usable in any game or any system. Particularly running any story where you have a number of NPCs and you want players to interact with them and actually perceive their surroundings in a way beyond cliches and standard dressings. Lisa brings the process into a perfect science IMO.
No offense taken, but I've always looked at how other GMs prep their games and try to always sort the practical and the effective as empirically as I can. Outside observing other GMs Lisa's tips talk about practical limitations of narration and Player/GM attention like the ability of the to keep things in the air, facilitate the Information Players/PCs come about efficiently, and allow for the theatrics of revelations, plot twists, and drama.
As compared to Robins Laws with deals with expectation and player psychology, Lisa deals with organization, preparation and effective communication of the PCs surroundings and their interactions.
Her work is +1 to GMing/Story telling bonus definitely.
Thursday, November 19, 2009
Monday, November 16, 2009
Why can't success be a measure of IQ?
Quite simply, people want to be smarter so that they can have an "easier" life or be able to overcome obstacles they currently cannot solve.
I don't have a strong opinion of my own intelligence. Although assessing the intelligence of others is a hobby of mine given how it is a necessary part of management. I also have a growing idea after reading books about game theory, predictably irrational, articles on psychology related to problem solving, memory, skills, attention and concentration.
Personal Disclaimer: I believe we have a mixed bag when we try to measure intelligence. Game theory helps bring some clarity for some matters because it sets an important assumption: Motivation and Rationality. This coupled with psychology and human observation (a first and important step in an empirical understanding) leads me to believe that like military training, 90% of all people can be honed and trained to exceptional levels.In GURPS, you cannot do much intellectual stuff with IQ10 because the way the system implied to be executed has some flaws. Particularly, the mechanics surrounding the application of defaults. I'm a stickler for defaults, and it made an IQ10 character a relative genius.
This has something also to do with how people view empiricism as actually a choice and not a rational extension. Which i wont go any further on because it invites too much debate.
Mentally identifying all your own assumptions is an important mental discipline that is rarely taught or hardly encouraged except in the fields of problem solving and science. What typically happens is that assumptions are usually made that many actions have no relevant skills. So most of the time people roll default IQ10 a lot. If you applied defaults more meticulously, you realize the rolls are usually made with a -4 to -6 (an effective skill of 6 to 4 at 10% to 1% chance of success).
Taken further, rarely is there an understanding of what a skill entails in GURPS. There are many books of particular real world skills that are found in GURPS. In these descriptions and books, you will note a pattern on what is Routine (+4 or +5 to the roll), what is standard expected challenges with an acceptable level of risk for a professional (skill 12, Task difficulty modifier +0), and what is considered hard and mostly an unexpected complication, which usually is considered to risky to venture, falling in the task difficulty modifier of Hard to Impossible.
So a skilled person doing a Routine action will have a 13-15 (80-95% chance of success), while someone unskilled will have a 4-6 (1% to 10% chance to succeed). Note the huge gap. This is because someone trying to do something they have barely a clue, assumes that a clue is enough in Murphy's domain.
That is why even the most trivial actions are drilled into soldiers and professinals, because every little bit matters and increases the chance of success.
1cp means trained, it means the person has spent 800 hours doing this on-the-job, 400hrs practicing it by himself, 200hrs in skilled tutelage, or 100hrs exceptional training. 1cp is no small thing, it can mean the difference of up to 94% chance of success.
What has this got to do with success?
One of the things I learned about game theory is how strategies work with Murphy hanging overhead. Particularly, the role of adaptability. Well rounded characters are realistically very successful. Because given the certainty of a Murphy, having as many alternate strategies available spells a very great difference in odds.
How about the roles?
Roles in games stopped being Flanker/Striker, Blocker/Tank, Leader/Support, and Controller for me because it ceased being about combat and more about problem solving. This happens to be emphasized because of my accessibility to real war game simulations.
Roles in management (try not to immediately equate this to boring, if you don't like the term use dynamic organizational interaction) a team is not exclusively defined by a role, but instead adapts to what ever role is needed of him/her in a given situation.
Opportunity is harder to predict and has the greatest the strategic influences because of the advantages a group is taking. Control is not about trying to Predict Murphy, but looking for Murphy's chinks and adapting to that. Coupled with well rounded skill set, taking advantage of what ever opportunity has more devastating effect.
Bottom Line, intelligence.
So an IQ 10-11 person with the right adaptive skills will be more formidable than a IQ 12-13 individual a 1/3 smaller set of skills because he has more options and more strategies to pursue. Of course there are points of diminishing returns and optimal trade offs depending on the GM and certain assumptions.
The reason why GURPS IQ doesn't really work as a measure of success is because in the end, it is the player's own IQ that determines the success and failure of the character in a Game Theory point of view. A more strategic player can do much more with 100cp than someone less adaptable.
In Role-playing, IQ10 person can sound smarter than the IQ12 person if the IQ 12 didn't take public speaking, literature, and acting.
Wednesday, November 11, 2009
Comparing the Processors and the Ram (performance) of various mobile computing, Strangely the I-phone outperforms most E-readers at 800Mhz (G3S) while most E-readers (6inch) are at 532Mhz (They don't like showing their Mhz and force you to go to the manufacturer's specs to find out).
Even the Huge (with a letter size screen) iRex Digital Reader 1000s is just a measly 532Mhz and Just 128MB ram (which is Half the ram of smart phones) at $750. No wonder it is so slow.
Compared to the stats of a Tablet Netbook (which folds up to become a slate) at $500 performing at 1.6Ghz, 1GB Ram, with an 8inch screen, wifi , blue tooth, a camera, and modifiable memory your GM. Check out the model Asus Eee PC T91.
For the Tech Savy GM out there get the Tablet PC (netbook power). The price range is $400-$800 and is perfect for reading your PDFs, running your game (and dice programs) and keeping all your maps on file instead of printing them out.
Anyway I've researched and checked all the other tablet PCs they are all Laptops with Tablets, so they all cost at around $1300-$2000. Only the Asus's PC T91 is a Tablet Net-book.
Next- Things A GM can dowith a Tablet PC
- All Special written Props can be displayed instead of costly printed.
- Giant Travelling (non combat maps) can be kept on display and ready access.
- Just save the Browser Based Dice roller and save space on the table.
- Use online Browser Based Combat Organizing Programs
- All your (PDF) books in just your Tablet PC!!! (Save yourself 20-40lbs of books going to places).
- Use those combat mapping program, hook it up to a projector and use your stylus to move figures.
- Discrete playing, use the combat map on the tablet zooming in and out. No figs, No mess, and save the map when the game ends.
- Using Pictures and maps on the web, access the entire database of images to describe people, characters, locations, and stuff. As you narrate. Player doesnt know what your talking about, quick jump to wiki or appropriate internet reference source.
If you haven't heard of Mount&blade it is a history war nuts dream game. Take away all the "martial-arts" dressing inspired by fantasy and dungeon-delving and get on that Horse.
Horses don't really fit well in the a lot of Combat RPGs. Systems tend to disregard it in lieu of foot combat, but every serious warrior class (I mean the social class) was a horseman. The Horse Nomads, Knights, Samurai, Kataphrakts, Savarans, Equitess...
It is in this game I got to understand why the Horse was so central in the psychology, doctrine, and lifestyle of a warrior.
I don't care for much of the graphics, but the mechanics are awesome. Especially the no-nonesense horse archery. Its really quite an experience. Ever since M&B I've been biased to horse combat and investing in horsmanship skills for my characters (even if my GMs don't understand how valuable it was).
Now that warband is going to provide Multi-player capability. Its like going to be Counterstrike but medieval. My wife might like this better than counterstrike (despite that she doesnt like horses), since its less dizzying because of how much harder it is to kill or be killed.
You can download it for free BTW. at Taleworlds and if you are the game designing sort. Read up on the company's starting history, what they did was amazing starting from so little. Its quite inspiring in the game designer entrepreneur point of view.
Warband Release Date
Tuesday, November 10, 2009
I don't like using fantasy settings so much because I can't use it for anything else. I read volumes only to not be able to talk about it in the other circles i go to. Using history as my "Game" setting or Shamelessly ripping off history is both easier and enriching.
The tons of things i learn in history about human nature is just too valuable. It is two birds with one stone, and If I get people to learn more about history it is also enriching to them.
Here are list of things I've just added to my reading list.
- Naval Combat Logistics Support System
- Military Families under Stress: Implications for Family Life Education (Character backgrounds)
- The Horse in Ancient China and Its Cultural Influence in Some Other Areas
- The Revival of Byzantine Learning and the Revival of the Byzantine State
- Arabic Lists of the Byzantine Themes
- 'Luxury Foods' in Medieval Islamic Societies 'Luxury Foods' in Medieval Islamic Societies (both Game flavor and Ideas of what to cook at home).
- World Maps and Easter Tables: Medieval Maps in Context
- Islamic Settlement in North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula
- The Convention of Alexius Comnenus and Raymond of Saint Gilles The Convention of Alexius Comnenus and Raymond of Saint Gilles
- The Byzantine Empire in the Eleventh Century Some Different Interpretations
- Some Byzantine Accounting Practices Illustrated from Georgian Sources
- Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy
- Monetary Theory and Roman History
- Toward an Ecological-Evolutionary Theory of the Incidence of Warfare in Preindustrial
- Nomadism, Horses and Huns
- The Nature of Warfare in Fourteenth-Century Japan: The Record of Nomoto Tomoyuki
- English Warfare in 1066 English Warfare in 1066
- Tanks and Roman Warfare Tanks and Roman Warfare
- Early Germanic Warfare
- Ancient Chemical Warfare Ancient Chemical Warfare
- Spanish Horses among the Plains Tribes
- The Training of an Inner Asian Nomad Army in the Pre-Modern Period
- The Military Use of the Chariot in the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age
- Review of Stratagem and the Vocabulary of Military Trickery by Everett L. Wheeler...
- Greek Chariot-Borne and Mounted Infantry
- War and Politics in Ancient China, 2700 B.C. to 722 B.C.: Measurement and Comparative Analysis
- A West African Cavalry State: The Kingdom of Oyo A West African Cavalry State: The Kingdom of Oyo by Robin Law (Is this the GM Robin Law?)
- The Military Revolution in Russia, 1550-1682
- Nomadism as a Political Adaptation: The Case of the Yomut Turkmen
Tuesday, November 3, 2009
Open Office. I use Open Office. and I use it even when even when I have access to Microsoft Office at work. Back when i started using it, it was still better than the older MS office tool I had to contend with (around 3 years ago). I got introduced to this because of the guys in the sj forums who insisted in it. GMs who spend HOURS on writing and preping handouts will find this an easy learn. Probably 5 hours of practice and its like you were never using MS.
GIMP. Graphic Image Manipulations Program is basically Photoshop that is Open Source (free and no worry about . if you have problems with the site, you can also download it here. The key difference between GIMP and Photoshop is the filters, which isn't that plenty. Of course you will need to learn a different Graphic User Interface but thats not much of an obstacle. In probably 10 hours (a month of free time doodling) of being able to use most of the key features, you'll get it.
If you can get your hands on cheap 12" tablets for $40 and practice drawing on the program, it will take roughly 7 hours of practice to get a complete hang of it. If you want to learn to draw, there are a lot of youtube video tutorials, help in deviant art, and it takes roughly 400 hours to do learn to draw close enough to professional level if you can get someone who can honestly critique you and has an art background to direct you.
Blender. What does a GM need a 3d Graphics Program for? Well if your a GM with a lot of spare time, there are many uses for Blender. When i was a student, this would have been really usefull, but I only discovered it when I was apprenticing 3d Animation (which was for the use of 3ds Max for character animation). One of the best uses for this is Realistic Mapping Effects. 3d programs do the job of map making better because of the special rendering tools you have. Type in Deviant art 3d Landscapes. Blender is very usefull if your the type of GM who is obsessed enough about your own setting to build material for it. The tutorials available for blender are plenty and easy to find. When i made my thesis part of my business plan was to make 19C philippines 3d map to be used as a Computer Game setting, a mix of Sid Meyers Pirates, Sim City, Merchanters, Mercenaries, and Private Armies. Who knows, maybe if I get my act together it still can be possible, 3d artist services are going down.
Scribus. GMs who can be very obsessed with preparing material can find scribus a good substitute for Adobe InDesign. It is a PDF publishing and layouting program. Maybe in two years , there will be enough of an ebook market because of ereaders that the adventure you spend 6-10 hours a month prepping will have huge amoung of buyers to be worth your while. Maybe you can work with some artistically inclined friends together with some art.
Monday, November 2, 2009
I love Open Source. I love Open Office, Ubuntu, GIMP (open source version of Photoshop), Blender (open Source version of 3d max) etc. I really appreciate the value and economics that goes about making these open source materials possible. I also understand how it works enough to never let these things be taken for granted.
It is commonly found in many books about Human behavior (Predictably irrational and in Game Theory) that people judge value irrationally. So even if it is a GREAT product, people will attribute it more for its price than more than what they can observe and what rationally are their needs from the product.
There is great FREE RPG STUFF online, but people would rather buy it than look for it the internet. As this argument (this Trolling) in the SJgames forums can lead one to realize.
Adventures are one of those things you find everyone has, at one point, contributed. You can find them in OLD campaigns, sample encoutners or adventure logs, premade and organized with a bit of polishing needed, and bloggers who specialize personally helping other GMs prep for their game.
Just because its free, there is a great majority who take it for granted and do not see the passion and sense of community that comes into making such things possible.
Never has there been such wealth of free material in the History of RPGs. Hopefully, in the future, in the evolution of ideas and memes we become more organized, more refined, more diverse and grow in ways very few have anticipated. RPGs may never be as popular as other hobbies, but it sure does something other hobbies can't.
Sunday, November 1, 2009
I've started keeping Rations, Water Skins and Ceramic Water Bottles on Characters. I can be a little bit critical about this, because In real life, this is a safety issue. If you fall over from fatigue, you can get yourself seriously hurt. This is also an accident that happens often with newbies and people who are not conscious of their limits. Characters with out it might die as a result to crippling exhaustion when attempting to escape. (which has happened to me in an airsoft game).
If you look at the Fatigue Rules. Only the initial 10 sec will you suffer encumbrance penalty to fatigue, the rest is 1cp each minute. If you compare Paced Running to Combat, you will notice an inconsistency in the rules.
Paced Running, eats up more energy than melee. Strangely, Sprinting eats up more energy than Combat. Instead of making a Rule that fits quite the middle, the rule disregards the two precedents of "work" (work defined by force/time).
Personally, I just ignore the rules and use the Paced Running, and Sprinting Rules as measures of Effort and Exhaustion. That is HT rolls at either 15 sec or 1 min increments.
If its modern combat filled with maneuvers effort is expended at the level of Paced Running (Roll HT per min) until contact, where it is shifts to Sprinting (Roll HT per 15 sec), which is not so hard since I've resolve thing sin 5-6 second increments. In melee, its sprinting in a turn preceding contact (from my experience with Larps and Soccer). Note that Paced running, is characterized as the character moving (working) at half their full move. That already means that character who move at around their full move all the time are exerting effort at Sprinting Level.
Such a set up makes PCs with near average HT run out of options VERY quickly. This reflects my real world experience in airsoft and sports. When someone learns a sport they learn to pace themselves, which can be reflected to the skill affect the HT rolls. Soldier+HT, can reflect battle field discipline when it comes to pacing, while maneuvering.
In the basic set, you can recover 1FP from eating and drinking. Using some rules of thumb for sports hydration, you can allow a character to recover 1FP per hour if he has access to at least 1L/Quart of water. That might be small, but if you can remember experience in exhausting sport, the pain of thirst is something of a factor to morale and Role-Playing. Even you hi-HT dwarf will build up a mighty thirst, and even the surly veteran will be shaking from urgency to get a drink.
Having a 14-15 HT might look overkill, but that's the level of Special Forces operate on. If you take a weekend athlete (HT11-12) and put him with maneuvers special forces people or season roman veterans he will be exhausted before the first 2 hours trying to catch up.
From this discussion http://forums.sjgames.com/showthread.php?t=63708
Friday, October 30, 2009
Before you start spouting fallacy, please ask me what I'm talking about if you do not understand. Because if you do start calling it fallacy before understanding my point then you have already made a judgment on something you do not have complete information about.----
I am saying that If there is are a camp of bandits, some wolves, wild boars, a mysterious figure, someone in distress, and a garrison of soldiers in the story/game it doesn't mean that if the PCs get into trouble with them I will scale them to fight the PCs.
They exist independent of the PCs, thus are not defined by them. It is the player's choice to decide to fight them, and in what terms.
Conspirator vs Consequence is an old school concept when they did not make a systems to scale challenges. Basically if there was a dragon in the woods then if the PCs end up there then they might get into trouble with the dragon.
Think about the Idea of the GM scaling the adventure to the PCs. Stuff happens, and it is based on the situation the PCs are at. PCs have an adventure, when the Challenge is Scaled to the PCs and the PCs just jump into it is very different when the PCs Know what they are getting into and Choose to Encounter the Challenge as much as possible in their own terms.
In this situation, the GM actually "Scaling" the encounter is detriment against the Challenge the PCs are supposed to be meeting with their preparation.
if the PCs decide on their own that they want to fight 20 soldiers, they will not fight them head on but possibly divi them up. If the GM influence the soldiers "conspiratorially" that's basically robbing the PCs of the victory they made.
GM intervention of what is "Sporting" on the other hand, is already implied by the Scale of the adventure. If you are 100cp adventurers which is defined as elite but gritty and realistic. So problems and challenges occure in that circumstance.
Take it easy, I provided input, voiced my honest and critical opinion and was constructive about it.
I know there is no way to cover the players actions, the most adaptive plan is one that doesn't try to anticipate what cannot be anticipated.
When you have an Event that begins an adventure reasoning follows and a strategy forms in the players heads. In the course of these strategems, the DM provides information that constantly evolves the Players strategy.
Now instead of figuring out a scaling system, why not develop a feedback system by which the GM will make sure the Players have information to best make their strategic decisions on instead of scaling the encounter for them.
If they Know there are 20 soldiers, then they won't just jump in. If they know the soldiers weren't paid this year, have been harassing the locals for supplies, and have personal matters that are all over the place, then you shift the encounter's parameters and the player's decision making process.
Why not bribe them, why not talk to them and pretend their pay is coming, why not rally the locals against them. etc. You didn't scale the encounter, instead the Players did by adopting a strategy that took advantage of the information the GM provided.
You didn't need to scale the encounter Quantitatively vs Qualitatively you will encounter problems in terms of consistency and expectation. An active effort to solve a problem ideally promotes players to gather intelligence instead of making a ton of assumptions. I know it is an aspect style, to feed the players scaled encounters vs letting them shape the encounter by their own resourcefulness but I would like to make sure the option is available before going down this rabbit hole.
Sorry that was basic game theory and project management strategy speaking. They are really useful real world skills and when placed in a game, doubles the fun factor because of the rewarding experience to the player more than just the character.
Original thread http://forums.sjgames.com/showthread.php?t=63784
Thursday, October 29, 2009
- Light Cloak $20 2lbs
- Leather jacket (Arms and Torso) DR1* $50 4lbs
- Leather Pants (Groin and legs) DR1* $40 2lbs
- Leather Gloves DR2* $30
- Leather Cap DR1* $32
- Clothes (status 0) ($120) 2lbs
- Shoes $40 2lbs
- Total $150 12 lbs
- 12 § Daggers $240 3lbs
- Hold out skill-11; -1 size, +3 for clothes (B200)
- Skill-12, Parry-10 (Main-gauche)
- Acc 0, Dmg thr 1d-2 imp, Rang 5/11
- Ranged: Throwing Skill-12
- AoA:D = Skill-11 at 5 yrds
- AoA:D + 3 sec Aim = Skill-13 at 5 yrds
- Note: 10 of the daggers have cobra venom applications in their sheaths.
- Ration, 1-meal $2 0.5lbs
- Bottle, Ceramic (1L) $3 3lbs
- First Aid Kit $50 2lbs
- Cobra Poison(20 doses) $200
- Total $495 8.5lbs
- Backpack $60 3lbs
- Blankets $20 4lbs
- 2 Sets of Clothes ($120) 4lbs
- Wine Skin (4L) $10 9lbs
- Travel Rations, 3-days $18 4.5lbs
- First Aid Kit $50 2lbs
- Personals $5 1lb
- Total $163 27.5lbs
Wednesday, October 28, 2009
Procrastination in my situation is caused by lack of an attainable goal with a definite pay off to me. School is supposed to give a pay off through the education and discovery, but stale and disinterested teachers are common obstacles.
making a subject matter, Interesting is not hard. GMing requires me to to make something Interesting and attractive to players, but the psychological sleight of hand is that The GM doesn't make things interesting, it is the players who create the interesting paradox. They do this through their own impulses unrestrained by conventional reality.
Students are quite the same. The world taken from the multiple perspectives of an audience creates a formula of shifting dynamic rainbows of thought. The way a stand up comedian manipulates societal idiosyncrasies and turns it to observational humor, the GM weaves mysteries from the very same questions that form in the back of the players mind.
What is strange is that there is no rocket science in this, it simply comes from the willingness to connect to the students and share in the experiences, observations, and the odd way it becomes the current reality.
Connection, Empathy and the Discipline required to have two other process occurring: Talking and Thinking. All these are honed in constant communication with new people, current events that affect how we now perceive the world, and humble quest for truth.
Gaming is so much in my system, I cannot help but go back to that simple ideas about productivity- where you invest your time and how you do more with what you have determines you competence.
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
I have no problem with it, because RPGs are Ideas that are always subject to innovation, evolution, change and improvement. We can always improve on the previous game, we can achieve that same high again, and we can always learn something new. I'm not much for RPG nostalgia because to dwell on the past and the impossible task of recapturing it may overlook the merits of the present and the possibilities of the future.
As in my previous post about my GMing style, it evolved from science and it got better over time, and I feel it can be better still with discipline, empathy, diplomacy and transparency.
Sunday, October 25, 2009
I fixed my categorization, adopting the network's categories. Instead of GMing I use advice, Game Prep I changed to Tools, and in between is both.
There must be a very small trope in the forums looking at RPG blogs. If GURPS should grow, it should be more active and visible. Making it self more accessible beyond the safety of the forums will give it more of a chance to show off its strengths.
Saturday, October 24, 2009
Simulating economic reach, plays very strongly in encounter generation. Most opponents will have low metal weapons that give them the most bang for buck - axes and spears. A
Quick Encounter. A knight, covered with the heraldry and fluff of a formidable house accosts the PCs while they are in transit. He demands them (if he is of a higher status) or beseeches them to talk, rest and exchange news.
He tells the PCs that he was traveling to one of his lord's villages to examine them for irregularities and to impress on the inhabitants his lord's generosity, justice, and care for them.
When night falls he offers and insists the PCs break bread and salt with him. He tells them all, they are all his guests. He proves great company, and offers some of his wine cooling by in a brook.
The night is uneventful, but on the break of dawn everyone stirs to find the Knights tent silent. On examination, the knight is found beneath his sheets with blood damping the tent's floor. His vallet, a tent opposite him, can be found purple with his tongue swollen sticking out of his mouth.
Further examination, stirs up:
- Remnants of parchments underneath the camp fire with their wax blackened.
- Several Wardrobes of foreign dress
- there is $1,000,000 in gold under the tent soaked in blood.
Red Herrings Everywhere? - Could someone have sneaked into the camp? Was it suicide? Who was he really? What does this look like to the wrong people?
Possible Scenario. They needed a scape goat, and one that can completely clear the lord of any doubt of wrong doing. The knight discovered his lord's plot of treason in time to save him. To do this, he finds some random travelers.
- Arming Dress (Body) DR1 $30 4lbs
- Clothes (Status 2) ($600) 2lbs
- Leather Gloves $30, negligible weight.
- Boots $80 3lbs
- Total $140, 9lbs
- Mail armor ("Chainmail -- Why bother?")
- DR: 4 vs cutting, 2 vs crushing, 3 vs Impaling and Piercing
- Hauberk (body, partial legs) $600, 15lbs
- attacks at the legs ignore mail armor on 4-6 on 1d.
- Sleeve (primary arm) $50 2.5lb
- Total $650, 17.5lbs
- Legionary Helm $150, 6lbs
- Total $800, 23.5lbs
- Small Shield $40 8lbs
- Skill-12, Block-11 (DB1, DR6, HP30, OP13)
- Dmg thr 1d-1 cr
- Cheap Broadsword $360 3lbs
- Skill-12, Parry-11
- Dmg thr 1d+1 imp / sw 1d+2 cut
- Large Knife $40 1lb
- Skill-12, Parry-10
- Dmg thr 1d imp/ sw 1d-1 cut
- Bottle, Ceramic (1L) 3lbs $3
- Trail Ration $2 0.5
- Total $445 15.5lbs
- Fine Longspear $180 5lbs
- Skill-12 (one handed), Parry-10U, Skill-10 on Ride by
- Dmg thr 1d+2 imp, Reach 1,2,3
- Dmg thr 2d-1 imp, Reach 1,2,3 on Ride by
- Cavalry horse (ST22) $4000
- Rider and Equipment 198lbs
- Equestrian Gear and Load
- Bit and Bridle $35 3lbs
- Horseshoes $50 4lbs
- Saddle and Tack $150 15lbs
- Stirrups $125 20lbs
- Total $360 42lbs
- Total Load 240lbs
- Move 4.8 on a trot, Move 9 run.
- Total $4,360